1200 BC Beginning of the first iron age. The Latini migrate to Italy from the Danube region.
1000 BC Latins settle in the Latium region.
1000 BC Etruscan tribes move into Italy.
1000 - 800 BC First settlements on the Palatine Hill.
753 BC Traditional Founding of Rome by Romulus and Remus.
753 - 716 BC Rule of Romulus
750 BC Greek cities founded in Italy.
700 BC Etruscan civilization dominates the region.
715-674 BC Reign of Numa Pompilius
673-642 BC Reign of Tullius Hostilius
642-617 BC Reign of Ancus Marcius
616-579 BC Reign of L. Tarquinius Priscus
600 BC Etruscans build the tombs of Cerveteri.
600 BC The Forum in Rome is built. (Coincides with a more historical foundation of the city of Rome)
582 BC Birth of the Greek philosopher and mathematician Pythagoras, on the island of Samos.
578-535 BC Reign of Servius Tullius
578 BC Tarquinius Priscus builds the Cloaca Maxima, the first sewer.
550 BC Servius Tullius builds city walls.
535-510 BC Reign of L. Tarquinius Superbus
510 BC Rape of the Sabines
509 BC Overthrow of Etruscan kings and destruction of the monarchy by L. Junius Brutus.
509 BC Establishment of the Roman Republic
509 BC The temple of Jupiter Capitolinus is built on the Capitoline Hill
508 BC Creation of the position of Pontifex Maximus as an official, to oversee the Rex Sacrorum.
504 BC Migration of the Claudii to Rome.
501 BC Appointment of the first-ever dictator, T. Larcius